As per the Indian Constitution, 'Minimum Wage' has been defined as the level of income for skilled and unskilled workers which ensures a sustaining standard of living while also providing for some measure of comfort. A minimum wage not just supports the bare level of employment, but also seeks for viable continuous improvement. It aims at preventing exploitation of labour.
Minimum Wages For States Across India
The states which impose minimum wages in India are listed below: (Click on the state name for more details)
Effective date:1st Apr, 2023
Fixation and Revision of Minimum Wages
Under the Minimum Wages Act, 1948, both Central and State governments have dominion over fixing the wages. The State governments fix their scheduled employments and further release the rates of Minimum Wage along with the VDA (Variable Dearness Allowance). Wage boards are set up to review and fix minimum wages at specified intervals. The wage rates in scheduled employments differ across states, sectors, skills, regions, and occupations owing to a lot of differentiating factors. Hence, there is no single uniform minimum wage rate across the country and the revision cycle differs for each state.
Scope and Applicability
Minimum Wages Act was enforced to ensure that employers did not exploit employees with insufficient wages. The Act applies to all establishments, factories, places of business and industry types. Unscheduled industries are generally excluded, though a state can add a minimum wage for an occupation or specify it for a sector during a revision cycle.
Consequences of Non-Compliance
Under-payment and non-payment of Minimum Wage are deemed an offence under the Central Act. The penalty may range from up to 5 years imprisonment and a fine of Rs. 10,000 (under Section 22 of the Act).P
Latest Minimum Wages for Shops and Establishment in Jharkhand
Important Note: The Jharkhand Minimum Wages Notification (April 2023)
|Class of Employment||Basic Per Day||Basic Per Month||VDA Per Day||VDA Per Month||Total Per Day||Total Per Month|
Download Latest Notification(s) Herethe-jharkhand-minimum-wages-notification-april-2023.pdf