As per the Indian Constitution, 'Minimum Wage' has been defined as the level of income for skilled and unskilled workers which ensures a sustaining standard of living while also providing for some measure of comfort. A minimum wage not just supports the bare level of employment, but also seeks for viable continuous improvement. It aims at preventing exploitation of labour.
Minimum Wages For States Across India
The states which impose minimum wages in India are listed below: (Click on the state name for more details)
Effective date:1st Dec, 2021
Fixation and Revision of Minimum Wages
Under the Minimum Wages Act, 1948, both Central and State government have dominion over fixing the wages. The State governments fix their own scheduled employments and further release the rates of Minimum Wage along with the VDA (Variable Dearness Allowance). Wage boards are set up to review and fix minimum wages at specified intervals. The wage rates in scheduled employments differ across states, sectors, skills, regions and occupations owing to a lot of differentiating factors. Hence, there is no single uniform minimum wage rate across the country and the revision cycle differs for each state.
Scope and Applicability
Minimum Wages Act was enforced to ensure the employers did not exploit employees with insufficient wages. The Act is applicable on all establishments, factories, place of business and industry types. Unscheduled industries are generally excluded, though a state can add a minimum wage for an occupation or specify it for a sector during a revision cycle.
Consequences of Non-Compliance
Under-payment and non-payment of Minimum Wage is deemed as an offence under the Central Act. The penalty may range from upto 5 years imprisonment and a fine of Rs. 10000/- (under Section 22 of the Act).
Latest Minimum Wages for Shops & Establishment in Assam
Important Note: The Assam Minimum Wages Notification December 2021
|Class of Employment||Total Per Day||Total Per Month|
|Semi Skilled/Unskilled Supervisory||358.14||10744.30|
|Highly Skilled Workers||575.52||17265.55|
|Security Guard (Unarmed)||424.90||12747.14|
Download Latest Notification(s) Herethe-assam-minimum-wages-notification-dec-2021.pdf